Have a go at this short exercise testing your knowledge of articles. You may wish to first read this overview of the definite article.

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The rise and fall of the Berlin Wall

In (1)_ early hours of Sunday, August 13, 1961, East German border guards took up positions at (2)_ Brandenburg Gate in central Berlin. With the help of workers, the guards began to tear up streets and lay barbed wire along the border dividing the city. By early morning, only 12 of the 81 street crossing points were passable. Four days later the first permanent concrete sections were being put into place, creating (3)_ barrier spanning 43 kilometers. During the wall’s construction, (4)_ East German soldiers were given orders to shoot anyone who attempted to defect. It was during these early days that (5)_ young East German soldier, Conrad Schumann (pictured above), famously jumped to freedom.

Unsurprisingly, emigration from (6)_ East to West Germany decreased immediately. In the years that followed, the wall was fortified with guard towers (116 in total), minefields, electric fences and floodlights. Additions also included (7)_ infamous “death strip” – (8)_ area of no man’s land running parallel to the wall, designed to give (9)_ border guards a clear line of fire to shoot those attempting to defect.

The wall stood in place for nearly three decades, but on November 9, 1989, after (10)_ summer of civil unrest in East Germany and Soviet Europe, travel restrictions to West Berlin were lifted and the first checkpoints were opened.

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