Alternative dispute resolution

Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) (also known as external dispute resolution in some countries, such as Australia) includes dispute resolution processes and techniques that act as a means for disagreeing parties to come to an agreement short of litigation. It is a collective term for the ways that parties can settle disputes, with (or without) the help of a third party. Highest form of alternative dispute resolution is an arbitration. Arbitration often requires interpreting because the parties are international and prefer […]

Who is a Dragoman

Who is a Dragoman? What does it mean? A dragoman was an interpreter, translator and official guide between Turkish, Arabic, and Persian-speaking countries, delegations and politicians of the Middle East and European embassies, consulates, vice-consulates and trading posts. Dragomans would typically speak Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and several European languages. History records Dragomans at high government ranks like ambassadors, envoys and even ministers. There were Dragomans working for a daily fee or on a monthly allowance, although many Dragomans belonged to […]

Sign language

A sign language (also signed language or simply signing) is a language which, instead of acoustically conveyed sound patterns, uses manual communication and body language to convey meaning. This can involve simultaneously combining hand shapes, orientation and movement of the hands, arms or body, and facial expressions to fluidly express a speaker’s thoughts. Every nation has their own sign language. There is one international sign language, but with very limited words. Even British Sign Language is different then the American […]

Orientation (sign language)

In sign language, orientation (ORI) refers to the distinctive relative orientation of the hand when signing. Orientation is one of five components of a sign, along with handshape (DEZ), location (TAB), movement (SIG), and facial-body expression. Every language has its own signs, even British Sign Language is different then the American Sign Language. Related Posts / İlgili Yazılar:HandshapeMovement (sign language)Expression (sign language)Location (sign language)Sign language

Expression (sign language)

In sign language, expression refers to distinctive body postures and facial expressions that accompany signing, and which are necessary to properly form words. Expression is one of five components of a sign, along with handshape (DEZ), orientation (ORI), location (TAB), and movement (SIG). A major component of expression is mouthing. However, not all signs have an inherent expression. Related Posts / İlgili Yazılar:HandshapeOrientation (sign language)Movement (sign language)Location (sign language)Sign language

Location (sign language)

In sign language, location, or tab, refers to specific places that the hands occupy as they are used to form words. In Stokoe terminology it is known as the TAB, an abbreviation of tabula. Location is one of five components of a sign, along with handshape (DEZ), orientation (ORI), movement (SIG), and facial-body expression. Different sign languages make use of different locations. For more information please contact Dragoman Translation offices. Related Posts / İlgili Yazılar:HandshapeOrientation (sign language)Movement (sign language)Expression (sign […]

Handshape

In sign language, handshape, or dez, refers to the distinctive configuration of that the hands take as they are used to form words. In Stokoe terminology it is known as the DEZ, an abbreviation of designator. Handshape is one of five components of a sign, along with location (TAB), orientation (ORI), movement (SIG), and facial-body expression. Different sign languages make use of different handshapes. Related Posts / İlgili Yazılar:Location (sign language)Movement (sign language)Orientation (sign language)Expression (sign language)Sign language

Movement (sign language)

In sign language, movement, or sig, refers to the distinctive hand actions that form words. In William Stokoe’s terminology, it is the SIG, an abbreviation of signation. Movement is one of five components of a sign—with handshape (DEZ), orientation (ORI), location (sign language) (TAB), and facial-body expression. Different sign languages use different types of movement. Some treatments distinguish movement and hold—signs, or parts of signs, that involve motion vs. Related Posts / İlgili Yazılar:HandshapeOrientation (sign language)Location (sign language)Expression (sign language)Sign […]

Placing “Only” Correctly

Posted Posted in Word Usage

Only is often misplaced in a sentence. We must be careful about its usage to avoid confusing our readers. Learning correct usage of grammatical modifiers is a hard work and it is worth all the effort. Only should go right before the word or phrase it modifies. “Only I said I cannot attend the party” means that I was the only one to decline the invitation. “I only said I cannot attend the party” means that I said nothing but […]

On Varying Sentence Length

Posted Posted in Sentences, Transcreation, Translation_Tips

This sentence has five words. Here are five more words. Five-word sentences are fine. But several together become monotonous. Listen to what is happening. This writing is getting boring. The sound of it drones. It’s like struck record. The ear demands some variety. Now listen. I vary the sentence length, and I create music. Music. The writing sings. It has a pleasant rhythm, a lilt, a harmony. I use short sentences. And I use the sentences of medium length. And […]