Eliminating redundancy is one of the key skills to fluency, but what is redundancy or a redundant word/phrase?

If you can remove a word from a sentence without changing its core meaning, that word is redundant or unnecessary. Not every redundancy is a flaw, sometimes it is helpful to add variety to your sentences. The safest way to get rid of redundant phrase is to hire a professional copy-editor. Check out the following example, it is not only redundant but also an abuse of a relative clause.

Redundant: The improvements that will be made on the system in the future.

Tight: Future improvements on the system.


Redundancies often occur by using simple and harmless yet unnecessary words such as field, area, works, make, do, implement, perform, carry-out, etc.

Redundant: Our investments in the area of textiles are very profitable.

Tight: Our investment in textiles are very profitable.


Redundancies may also be a by-product of translation, when source text / sentence structure contains auxiliary verbs and English translation does not have to use the same auxiliary verb. Try this example from Turkish to English:

Turkish: Bu göreve başvuru yapmak istiyorsanız aşağıdaki linke tıklayın.

Redundant: If you want to make an application for this position, please click on the link below.

Tight: If you want to apply for this position, please click on the link below.